Advertisement

Ocular instillation of vitamin A–coupled liposomes containing HSP47 siRNA ameliorates dry eye syndrome in chronic GVHD

Hiroyuki Ohigashi, Daigo Hashimoto, Eiko Hayase, Shuichiro Takahashi, Takahide Ara, Tomohiro Yamakawa, Junichi Sugita, Masahiro Onozawa, Masao Nakagawa and Takanori Teshima

Key Points

  • HSP47+ fibroblasts play a critical role in lacrimal gland fibrosis in chronic GVHD.

  • Ocular instillation of VA-lip HSP47 ameliorates dry eye syndrome in chronic GVHD.

Abstract

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) profoundly affects the quality of life of long-term survivors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT). The eyes are frequently involved, and dry eye syndrome is the most common manifestation of ocular chronic GVHD. We explored the role of heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) in ocular GVHD and developed a novel antifibrotic topical therapy using vitamin A–coupled liposomes containing HSP47 small interfering RNA (siRNA) against HSP47 (VA-lip HSP47). In a mouse model of chronic GVHD, infiltration of HSP47+ fibroblasts and massive fibrosis surrounding the lacrimal ducts were observed after allogeneic SCT, leading to impaired tear secretion. After ocular instillation, VA-lip HSP47 was distributed to the lacrimal glands, knocked down HSP47 expression in fibroblasts, reduced collagen deposition, and restored tear secretion after allogeneic SCT. Ocular instillation of VA-lip HSP47 also ameliorated established lacrimal gland fibrosis and dry eye syndrome. VA-lip HSP47 eye drops are a promising prophylactic and therapeutic option against dry eye syndrome in chronic GVHD.

  • Submitted November 7, 2018.
  • Accepted March 7, 2019.
View Full Text